Chiastic Structure of Ephesians 5:22-33

This is part of a series on partriarchy, headship, and submission. See this index.

Ephesians 5:22-33 has a chiastic structure.


A: submission and respect together refer to honor

B: head-body metaphor refers to unity, not authority

C: Christ is savior of both men and women, who are both equal members of one body:

“For as woman came from man, so also man is born of woman. But everything comes from God.” — 1 Corinthians 11:12

D: Wives submit—voluntarily giving in, cooperating, assuming responsibility, carrying a burden (see here). Husbands nourish and care (feminine traits). Both are submissive actions focusing on cooperation, carrying burdens for another, service, etc.

E: Love

F: Holiness

G: Glory


The primary focus of the passage is on glorification through holiness, love, and unity.


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