The Eucharist, Part 17: Interlude

The Rise of Roman Catholicism In Part 16: Apostolic Constitutions (375-380), we got hints on how the Eucharist and Lord’s Supper was ultimately combined and reordered into one Roman liturgy. As we continue this series, we will see how the innovations described by the “heretical”Apostolic Constitutions sit right into the middle …

The Eucharist, Part 16: Apostolic Constitutions

Apostolic Constitutions (c.375-380) In Part 15: Athenagoras of Athens, we began a discussion on the Apostolic Constitutions, written two centuries after Athenagoras. There we discovered that the unbloody sacrifice is the eucharist of a pure heart and unreprovable mind. This is precisely what we’ve seen in our series so far: the sacrifice that …

The Eucharist, Part 14: Interlude

Let’s take a short break from the examination of the patristic era writers to look at a timeline of the patristic writers, to give you an idea who was writing when. The images below are from Mike Cook, pastor of the Columbia River Foursquare Church. See his charts here. The …

The Eucharist, Part 12: Hippolytus of Rome

Hippolytus of Rome FishEaters does not mention Hippolytus and this is not surprising. Hippolytus was a disciple of Irenaeus, whom we covered in Part 6. Unsurprisingly, Hippolytus and Irenaeus describe the same Eucharistic liturgy. As we will see, Hippolytus’ comments are a thorn in the side of the Roman liturgy. …

The Eucharist, Part 11: Cyprian of Carthage

Cyprian of Carthage Before we talk about Cyprian, let’s see how the Catholic Encyclopedia sings his praises: It is certainly notable here how the Catholic Encyclopedia is trying to distance Tertullian from his pupil Cyprian. The Catholic Encyclopedia calls Tertullian’s writings “harsh and unintelligible.” The Encyclopedia seems to be setting …

The Eucharist, Part 9: Tertullian

Tertullian At first glace these quotes seem rather tame and innocent. But they are among the most divisive words ever written in the church. For the first time in this series, additional contextual analysis—from outside this mostly self-contained series—is required. Tertullian is the first writer in the church to use …

The Eucharist, Part 8: Interlude

Let’s take a short break from the examination of the patristic era writers to look at the concept of the sacrifice and thanksgiving (eucharist). The Eucharistic Sacrifice The first mention of thanksgiving in the Bible is Leviticus 7 referring to the fellowship offering of thanksgiving, a sacrifice of bread or meat. The …